Tertiary education in Canada is governed by regional organisms depending on the jurisdiction so there is no unified national system that rules the whole country. As aforementioned, in Canada tertiary education refers to every formal educational program past the secondary schools including academic, vocational, technical, and continuing professional education regardless of it being offered by universities, colleges, or institutes
Each of Canada’s ten provinces and three territories uses every mean to maintain a qualified, established and innovative tertiary education system offered to national and international prospective students.
Granted with the certain credentials to be established as a University by the provincial legislation, Universities are autonomous and govern themselves through a senate. Universities get to deal independently with academic matters regarding the curricula, methods and teaching strategies. Universities have the power to set academic, admission, and graduation policies and standards, appoint staff, and undertake academic planning. The Minister of Education after consulting with the institution is responsible and capable of approving new programs, as coordination of tertiary education developments is under this institutions responsibility. Regionally, the public domain regarding tertiary educational institutes is commonly quite autonomous in that it is bound to operate under an individual umbrella, separate from the government. However, in some jurisdictions there is this external council that gathers in order to establish some common ground when it comes to reforms and innovative programs that are challenging to implement.
Private Universities are out-of-province institutions permitted to provide degrees after a meticulous quality assessment process by the designated governmental authorities which give the green light to certain degrees.
Such out-of-province institutions are permitted to offer degrees only after their applications have undergone a quality-assessment process undertaken by provincial government authorities, and approved degrees may continue to be monitored in both academic consistency and institutional reliability.
Colleges and Institutes
Private colleges and institutes are seldom varied, operate under different names yet are licensed. Sometimes colleges also provide for non-registered curricula. However, private colleges offering language training programs, programs of less than 40 hours duration, programs that cost less than 1,000 CAD, or professional development and single-skill training programs, might not be registered or monitored in some jurisdictions.
These institutions combine workplace training and class instruction. Regional legislation ought to monitor apprenticeship training commonly assigns the task of quality assessment to certain government department, an industry-led agency, and/or trade-specific advisory committees. In order to set some common ground, quality criteria and monitor success or vice versa these institutions are responsible for the compilation of provincial standards. Also, this would be the same institutions that hand out certifications and degrees once the course has ended; a document of assurance for employers proving quality training and certification to nationally recognized standards.